elasticsearch6.x ik中文分词集成

xiaoxiao2022-07-05  6


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Elasticsearch是一个基于Apache Lucene(TM)的开源、实时分布式搜索和分析引擎。它用于全文搜索、结构化搜索、分析以及将这三者混合使用。IK Analysis插件将Lucene IK分析器集成到elasticsearch中,支持自定义词典。

1. 选择ik版本

IK版本安装是由Elasticsearch版本决定的,如下图所示。

IK版本ES版本主6.x - >主人6.3.0   6.3.06.2.4    6.2.46.1.3    6.1.35.6.8   5.6.85.5.3   5.5.35.4.3   5.4.35.3.3    5.3.35.2.2  5.2.25.1.2    5.1.21.10.6    2.4.61.9.5    2.3.51.8.1    2.2.11.7.0    2.1.11.5.0    2.0.01.2.6    1.0.01.2.5    0.90.x1.1.3    0.20.x1.0.0    0.16.2 - > 0.19.0

在ELK 6.3.1安装与部署中,已经介绍elasticsearch6.3.1安装部署,因此与之对应IK版本也选择为6.3.1。

2. 在线安装

bin/elasticsearch-plugin install https://github.com/medcl/elasticsearch-analysis-ik/releases/download/v6.3.1/elasticsearch-analysis-ik-6.3.1.zip

3. 重启es

ps -ef | grep elasticsearch   #查询es进程号 kill -9 **   #杀掉es进程 bin/elasticsearch -d && tail -f logs/elasticsearch.log   #重启es,log打印

4. IK测试

ik中文分词支持ik_smart和ik_max_word两种方式,区别在于:

ik_max_word: 会将文本做最细粒度的拆分,比如会将“内地港澳同胞:港珠澳大桥让港澳与国家融合更紧密”拆分为“内地、港澳同胞、港澳、同胞、港、珠、澳、大桥、让、港澳、与国、国家、融合、更紧、紧密”,会穷尽各种可能的组合;

ik_smart: 会做最粗粒度的拆分,比如会将“内地港澳同胞:港珠澳大桥让港澳与国家融合更紧密”拆分为“内地、港澳同胞、港、珠、澳、大桥、让、港澳、与、国家、融合、更、紧密”。

4.1 ik_max_word分词

输入文本json:

curl -XGET http://lee:9200/_analyze?pretty -H 'Content-Type:application/json' -d ' { "analyzer": "ik_max_word", "text": "内地港澳同胞:港珠澳大桥让港澳与国家融合更紧密" }'

输出分词结果:

{ "tokens" : [ { "token" : "内地", "start_offset" : 0, "end_offset" : 2, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 0 }, { "token" : "港澳同胞", "start_offset" : 2, "end_offset" : 6, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 1 }, { "token" : "港澳", "start_offset" : 2, "end_offset" : 4, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 2 }, { "token" : "同胞", "start_offset" : 4, "end_offset" : 6, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 3 }, { "token" : "港", "start_offset" : 7, "end_offset" : 8, "type" : "CN_CHAR", "position" : 4 }, { "token" : "珠", "start_offset" : 8, "end_offset" : 9, "type" : "CN_CHAR", "position" : 5 }, { "token" : "澳", "start_offset" : 9, "end_offset" : 10, "type" : "CN_CHAR", "position" : 6 }, { "token" : "大桥", "start_offset" : 10, "end_offset" : 12, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 7 }, { "token" : "让", "start_offset" : 12, "end_offset" : 13, "type" : "CN_CHAR", "position" : 8 }, { "token" : "港澳", "start_offset" : 13, "end_offset" : 15, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 9 }, { "token" : "与国", "start_offset" : 15, "end_offset" : 17, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 10 }, { "token" : "国家", "start_offset" : 16, "end_offset" : 18, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 11 }, { "token" : "融合", "start_offset" : 18, "end_offset" : 20, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 12 }, { "token" : "更紧", "start_offset" : 20, "end_offset" : 22, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 13 }, { "token" : "紧密", "start_offset" : 21, "end_offset" : 23, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 14 } ] }

4.2 ik_smart分词

输入本文json:

curl -XGET http://lee:9200/_analyze?pretty -H 'Content-Type:application/json' -d ' { "analyzer": "ik_smart", "text": "内地港澳同胞:港珠澳大桥让港澳与国家融合更紧密" }'

输出分词结果:

{ "tokens" : [ { "token" : "内地", "start_offset" : 0, "end_offset" : 2, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 0 }, { "token" : "港澳同胞", "start_offset" : 2, "end_offset" : 6, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 1 }, { "token" : "港", "start_offset" : 7, "end_offset" : 8, "type" : "CN_CHAR", "position" : 2 }, { "token" : "珠", "start_offset" : 8, "end_offset" : 9, "type" : "CN_CHAR", "position" : 3 }, { "token" : "澳", "start_offset" : 9, "end_offset" : 10, "type" : "CN_CHAR", "position" : 4 }, { "token" : "大桥", "start_offset" : 10, "end_offset" : 12, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 5 }, { "token" : "让", "start_offset" : 12, "end_offset" : 13, "type" : "CN_CHAR", "position" : 6 }, { "token" : "港澳", "start_offset" : 13, "end_offset" : 15, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 7 }, { "token" : "与", "start_offset" : 15, "end_offset" : 16, "type" : "CN_CHAR", "position" : 8 }, { "token" : "国家", "start_offset" : 16, "end_offset" : 18, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 9 }, { "token" : "融合", "start_offset" : 18, "end_offset" : 20, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 10 }, { "token" : "更", "start_offset" : 20, "end_offset" : 21, "type" : "CN_CHAR", "position" : 11 }, { "token" : "紧密", "start_offset" : 21, "end_offset" : 23, "type" : "CN_WORD", "position" : 12 } ] }

4..3 分词检索

4.3.1 创建索引

curl -XPUT http://lee:9200/index

4.3.2 索引映射

curl -XPOST http://lee:9200/index/fulltext/_mapping -H 'Content-Type:application/json' -d ' { "properties": { "content": { "type": "text", "analyzer": "ik_max_word", "search_analyzer": "ik_max_word" } } }'

4.3.3 索引文档

curl -XPOST http://lee:9200/index/fulltext/1 -H 'Content-Type:application/json' -d ' {"content":"美国留给伊拉克的是个烂摊子吗"} ' curl -XPOST http://lee:9200/index/fulltext/2 -H 'Content-Type:application/json' -d ' {"content":"公安部:各地校车将享最高路权"} ' curl -XPOST http://lee:9200/index/fulltext/3 -H 'Content-Type:application/json' -d ' {"content":"中韩渔警冲突调查:韩警平均每天扣1艘中国渔船"} ' curl -XPOST http://lee:9200/index/fulltext/4 -H 'Content-Type:application/json' -d ' {"content":"中国驻洛杉矶领事馆遭亚裔男子枪击 嫌犯已自首"} '

4.3.4 查询

curl -XPOST http://lee:9200/index/fulltext/_search -H 'Content-Type:application/json' -d ' { "query" : { "match" : { "content" : "中国" }}, "highlight" : { "pre_tags" : ["<tag1>", "<tag2>"], "post_tags" : ["</tag1>", "</tag2>"], "fields" : { "content" : {} } } } '

4.3.5 查询结果

{ "took": 136, "timed_out": false, "_shards": { "total": 5, "successful": 5, "skipped": 0, "failed": 0 }, "hits": { "total": 2, "max_score": 0.6489038, "hits": [{ "_index": "index", "_type": "fulltext", "_id": "4", "_score": 0.6489038, "_source": { "content": "中国驻洛杉矶领事馆遭亚裔男子枪击 嫌犯已自首" }, "highlight": { "content": ["<tag1>中国</tag1>驻洛杉矶领事馆遭亚裔男子枪击 嫌犯已自首"] } }, { "_index": "index", "_type": "fulltext", "_id": "3", "_score": 0.2876821, "_source": { "content": "中韩渔警冲突调查:韩警平均每天扣1艘中国渔船" }, "highlight": { "content": ["中韩渔警冲突调查:韩警平均每天扣1艘<tag1>中国</tag1>渔船"] } }] } }

参考资料

https://blog.csdn.net/baymax_007/article/details/81670082

https://github.com/medcl/elasticsearch-analysis-ik/

 

 

 

 

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