STL中list的使用

xiaoxiao2021-03-01  43

list的底层结构

list底层是一个带头节点的双向循环链表,任意位置插入和删除时间复杂度0(1)

list迭代器 由于list底层是带头节点的双向循环链表,因此list的迭代器需要list的实现者自己提供

迭代器怎么实现呢?

迭代器的本质是指针,将指针封装出新的类型,指针有的操作,迭代器也视情况支持这些操作,比如:指针++,–,*,-> 等操作。迭代器在类中将这些操作重载出来即可,然后将list迭代器看作list的一种内部类型使用。

list的操作

Iterators: 迭代器

begin() end() rbegin() //重置后的开始 rend() //重置后的结尾

Capacity:

empty() size() //有效元素个数 resize() //重置有效元素个数

Element access:

front //返回第一个引用 back //返回最后一个引用

Modifiers:

push_front pop_front push_back pop_back insert //任意位置插入 erase //任意位置删除 swap //交换两个list clear //情空

Operations:

remove //按条件删除元素 remove_if unique //去重 merge //合并两个有序链表 sort //单链表排序 reversr //单链表的逆置 #include<iostream> #include<list> using namespace std; void TestList1() { //构造空的list list<int>L1; //构造10个值为1的list list<int>L2(10, 1); //构造用一段区间中的元素构造list int arr[] = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0 }; list<int> L3(arr, arr + sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0])); //用L3取构造L4 list<int>L4(L3); cout << "L1元素个数:" << L1.size() << endl; cout << "L2元素个数:" << L2.size() << endl; cout << "L3元素个数:" << L3.size() << endl; cout << "L4元素个数:" << L4.size() << endl; //遍历list1 list<int>::iterator it1 = L1.begin(); while (it1 != L1.end()) { cout << *it1 << " "; ++it1; } cout << endl; //遍历list2 list<int>::iterator it2 = L2.begin(); while (it2 != L2.end()) { cout << *it2 << " "; ++it2; } cout << endl; //遍历list3 list<int>::iterator it3 = L3.begin(); while (it3 != L3.end()) { cout << *it3 << " "; ++it3; } cout << endl; //遍历list4 list<int>::iterator it4 = L4.begin(); while (it4 != L4.end()) { cout << *it4 << " "; ++it4; } cout << endl; //逆向遍历list4 list<int>::reverse_iterator it5 = L4.rbegin(); while (it5 != L4.rend()) { cout << *it5 << " "; ++it5; } cout << endl; } void TestList2() { list<int>L; //尾插 L.push_back(1); L.push_back(2); L.push_back(3); L.push_back(4); L.push_back(5); L.push_back(6); list<int>::iterator it = L.begin(); while (it != L.end()) { cout << *it << " "; ++it; } cout << endl; //尾删 L.pop_back(); L.pop_back(); it = L.begin(); while (it != L.end()) { cout << *it << " "; ++it; } cout << endl; //头插 L.push_front(0); it = L.begin(); while (it != L.end()) { cout << *it << " "; ++it; } cout << endl; L.pop_front(); it = L.begin(); while (it != L.end()) { cout << *it << " "; ++it; } cout << endl; 任意位置的插入 //list<int>::iterator pos = find(L.begin(), L.end(), 2); //if (pos != L.end()) // pos = L.insert(pos, 9); //it = L.begin(); //while (it != L.end()); //{ // cout << *it << " "; // ++it; //} //cout << endl; 任意位置删除、 //L.erase(pos); //it = L.begin(); //while (it != L.end()) //{ // cout << *it << " "; // ++it; //} //cout << endl; //给list重新赋值 int arr[] = { 1,2,3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 }; L.assign(arr, arr + sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0])); it = L.begin(); while (it != L.end()) { cout << *it << " "; ++it; } cout << endl; cout << "第一个元素" << L.front() << endl; cout << "第一个元素" << L.back() << endl; } void TestList3() { int arr[] = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 }; list<int>L(arr, arr + sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0])); list<int>::iterator it = L.begin(); while (it != L.end()) { cout << *it << " "; ++it; } cout << endl; L.remove(3); //按值删除 it = L.begin(); while (it != L.end()) { cout << *it << " "; ++it; } cout << endl; class Odd { public: bool operator()(int value) { return value & 0x01; }; }; L.remove_if(Odd()); it = L.begin(); while (it != L.end()) { cout << *it << " "; ++it; } cout << endl; } void TestList4() { int arr[] = { 1, 2, 5, 3,1, 2, 3, 4, 5,7,6, 8, 9 }; list<int>L(arr, arr + sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0])); L.unique(); list<int>::iterator it = L.begin(); while (it != L.end()) { cout << *it << " "; ++it; } cout << endl; L.sort(); it = L.begin(); while (it != L.end()) { cout << *it << " "; ++it; } cout << endl; L.unique(); it = L.begin(); while (it != L.end()) { cout << *it << " "; ++it; } cout << endl; //class Three //{ //public: // bool operator()(int left, int right) // { // return 0 == (left + right) % 3; // } //}; //L.unique(Three()); //it = L.begin(); //while (it != L.end()); //{ // cout << *it << " "; // ++it; //} //cout << endl; } void TestList5() { list<int>L; L.push_back(1); L.push_back(4); L.push_back(6); list<int>L2; L2.push_back(2); L2.push_back(3); L2.push_back(8); //将两个已序链表合并成为一个链表,合并后依然有序 L.merge(L2); list<int>::iterator it = L.begin(); while (it != L.end()) { cout << *it << " "; ++it; } cout << endl; //反转链表 L.reverse(); it = L.begin(); while (it != L.end()) { cout << *it << " "; ++it; } cout << endl; } int main() { //TestList1(); 构造及其遍历 //TestList2(); //TestList3(); //TestList4(); //TestList5(); return 0; }
转载请注明原文地址: https://www.6miu.com/read-4150144.html

最新回复(0)