iOS核心动画CoreAnimation系统进阶(自定义转场动画)

xiaoxiao2021-03-01  4

想要实现自定义转场动画,需要分两个步骤

一.实现相关协议

@interface CustomTransitionViewController ()<UINavigationControllerDelegate> -(void)viewWillAppear:(BOOL)animated{ [super viewWillAppear:animated]; self.navigationController.delegate = self; } //告诉nav,想自己自定义一个转场 -(id<UIViewControllerAnimatedTransitioning>)navigationController:(UINavigationController *)navigationController animationControllerForOperation:(UINavigationControllerOperation)operation fromViewController:(UIViewController *)fromVC toViewController:(UIViewController *)toVC{ if (operation == UINavigationControllerOperationPush) { WTCircleTransition *trans =[WTCircleTransition new]; return trans; } return nil; }

二.做动画

创建WTCircleTransition协议类

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h> #import <UIKit/UIKit.h> @interface WTCircleTransition : NSObject<UIViewControllerAnimatedTransitioning> @end

实现UIViewControllerAnimatedTransitioning中的协议

WTCircleTransition.m

-(NSTimeInterval)transitionDuration:(id<UIViewControllerContextTransitioning>)transitionContext{ return .8f; } -(void)animateTransition:(id<UIViewControllerContextTransitioning>)transitionContext{ //1.持有transitionContext上下文 _context = transitionContext; //2.获取view的容器 UIView *containerView = [transitionContext containerView]; //3.初始化toVc,把toVc的view添加到容器view UIViewController *toVc =[transitionContext viewControllerForKey:UITransitionContextToViewControllerKey]; //4.添加动画 /* 拆分动画 4.1 2个圆(大小圆的中心点一致) 4.2 贝塞尔 4.3 蒙版 */ UIButton *btn; CustomTransitionViewController * VC1; SecondViewController * VC2; if (_isPush) { VC1 =[transitionContext viewControllerForKey:UITransitionContextFromViewControllerKey]; VC2 = [transitionContext viewControllerForKey:UITransitionContextToViewControllerKey]; btn = VC1.customTransitionBtn; }else{ VC2 =[transitionContext viewControllerForKey:UITransitionContextFromViewControllerKey]; VC1 = [transitionContext viewControllerForKey:UITransitionContextToViewControllerKey]; btn = VC2.backBtn; } [containerView addSubview:VC1.view]; [containerView addSubview:VC2.view]; //5.画出小圆 UIBezierPath *smallPath =[UIBezierPath bezierPathWithOvalInRect:btn.frame];//内切圆 CGPoint centerP; centerP = btn.center; //6.求大圆半径 勾股定理 CGFloat radius; CGFloat y = CGRectGetHeight(toVc.view.bounds)-CGRectGetMaxY(btn.frame)+CGRectGetHeight(btn.bounds)/2; CGFloat x = CGRectGetWidth(toVc.view.bounds)-CGRectGetMaxX(btn.frame)+CGRectGetWidth(btn.bounds)/2; if (btn.frame.origin.x >CGRectGetWidth(toVc.view.bounds)/2) { //位于14象限 if (CGRectGetMaxY(btn.frame)< CGRectGetHeight(toVc.view.bounds)/2) { //第一象限 //sqrtf(求平方根) radius = sqrtf(btn.center.x *btn.center.x +y*y); }else{ //第四象限 radius = sqrtf(btn.center.x * btn.center.x + btn.center.y*btn.center.y); } }else{ if (CGRectGetMaxY(btn.frame)<CGRectGetHeight(toVc.view.frame)) { //第二象限 radius = sqrtf(x*x+y*y); }else{ //第三象限 radius = sqrtf(x*x + btn.center.y*btn.center.y); } } //7.画大圆 UIBezierPath * bigPath = [UIBezierPath bezierPathWithArcCenter:centerP radius:radius startAngle:0 endAngle:2*M_PI clockwise:YES]; //8. CAShapeLayer *shapeLayer =[CAShapeLayer layer]; if (_isPush) { shapeLayer.path = bigPath.CGPath; } else{ shapeLayer.path = smallPath.CGPath; } //9.添加蒙版 // [toVc.view.layer addSublayer:shapeLayer]; UIViewController *VC; if (_isPush) { VC = [transitionContext viewControllerForKey:UITransitionContextToViewControllerKey]; }else{ VC = [transitionContext viewControllerForKey:UITransitionContextFromViewControllerKey]; } VC.view.layer.mask = shapeLayer; //10.给layer添加动画 CABasicAnimation *anim =[CABasicAnimation animationWithKeyPath:@"path"]; if (_isPush) { anim.fromValue = (id)smallPath.CGPath; }else{ anim.fromValue = (id)bigPath.CGPath; } //重要,动画时间要和转场时间一致 anim.duration = [self transitionDuration:transitionContext]; anim.delegate = self; [shapeLayer addAnimation:anim forKey:nil]; } #pragma mark - CAAnimationDelegate -(void)animationDidStop:(CAAnimation *)anim finished:(BOOL)flag{ [_context completeTransition:YES]; //去掉蒙版 if (_isPush) { UIViewController * toVc =[_context viewControllerForKey:UITransitionContextToViewControllerKey]; toVc.view.layer.mask = nil; }else{ UIViewController * toVc =[_context viewControllerForKey:UITransitionContextFromViewControllerKey]; toVc.view.layer.mask = nil; } }

大圆半径

勾股定理求半径

判断象限

在做自定义转场动画时,我们需要进行几个步骤:

实现相关协议 push/pop motal segue添加实现了UIViewControllerAnimatedTransitioning的类在类里面实现动画协议,然后添加转场动画告诉上下文,动画完成

总结:自定义切换并不会改变VC的组织结构,只是负责提供了view的效果

实现效果:

gitHub代码参考

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