Using ViewPager for Screen Slides使用屏幕幻灯片ViewPager

xiaoxiao2021-03-01  13

Screen slides are transitions between one entire screen to another and are common with UIs like setup wizards or slideshows. This lesson shows you how to do screen slides with a ViewPager provided by the support library. ViewPagers can animate screen slides automatically. Here's what a screen slide looks like that transitions from

If you want to jump ahead and see a full working example, download and run the sample app and select the Screen Slide example. See the following files for the code implementation:

src/ src/ layout/activity_screen_slide.xml layout/fragment_screen_slide_page.xml

Create the Views

Create a layout file that you'll later use for the content of a fragment. The following example contains a text view to display some text:

< xmlns:android="" android:id="@+id/content" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent"> <TextView style="?android:textAppearanceMedium" android:padding="16dp" android:lineSpacingMultiplier="1.2" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:text="@string/lorem_ipsum" /> </>

Create the Fragment

Create a Fragment class that returns the layout that you just created in the onCreateView() method. You can then create instances of this fragment in the parent activity whenever you need a new page to display to the user:

public class ScreenSlidePageFragment extends Fragment { @Override public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) { ViewGroup rootView = (ViewGroup) inflater.inflate( R.layout.fragment_screen_slide_page, container, false); return rootView; } }

Screen Slides with ViewPager

ViewPagers have built-in swipe gestures to transition through pages, and they display screen slide animations by default, so you don't need to create any. ViewPagers use PagerAdapters as a supply for new pages to display, so the PagerAdapter will use the fragment class that you created earlier.

To begin, create a layout that contains a ViewPager:

< xmlns:android="" android:id="@+id/pager" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent" />

Create an activity that does the following things:

Sets the content view to be the layout with the ViewPager. Create a class that extends the FragmentStatePagerAdapter abstract class. Implement the getItem() method to supply instances of ScreenSlidePageFragment as new pages. The pager adapter also requires that you implement the getCount() method, which returns the amount of pages the adapter will create (five in the example). Hooks up the PagerAdapter to the ViewPager. Handle's the device's back button by moving backwards in the virtual stack of fragments. If the user is already on the first page, go back on the activity back stack. public class ScreenSlidePagerActivity extends FragmentActivity { /** * The number of pages (wizard steps) to show in this demo. */ private static final int NUM_PAGES = 5; /** * The pager widget, which handles animation and allows swiping horizontally to access previous * and next wizard steps. */ private ViewPager mPager; /** * The pager adapter, which provides the pages to the view pager widget. */ private PagerAdapter mPagerAdapter; @Override protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); setContentView(R.layout.activity_screen_slide_pager); // Instantiate a ViewPager and a PagerAdapter. mPager = (ViewPager) findViewById(; mPagerAdapter = new ScreenSlidePagerAdapter(getFragmentManager()); mPager.setAdapter(mPagerAdapter); } @Override public void onBackPressed() { if (mPager.getCurrentItem() == 0) { // If the user is currently looking at the first step, allow the system to handle the // Back button. This calls finish() on this activity and pops the back stack. super.onBackPressed(); } else { // Otherwise, select the previous step. mPager.setCurrentItem(mPager.getCurrentItem() - 1); } } /** * A simple pager adapter that represents 5 ScreenSlidePageFragment objects, in * sequence. */ private class ScreenSlidePagerAdapter extends FragmentStatePagerAdapter { public ScreenSlidePagerAdapter(FragmentManager fm) { super(fm); } @Override public Fragment getItem(int position) { return new ScreenSlidePageFragment(); } @Override public int getCount() { return NUM_PAGES; } } } 相关资源:Java 面经手册·小傅哥(公众号:bugstack虫洞栈).pdf