CentOS7网络配置

xiaoxiao2021-02-28  20

原文网址:http://blog.csdn.net/cmzsteven/article/details/49777667

CentOS7中已经取消了ifconfig,用nmcli进行了代替,服务管理也升级为systemd。所以之前在6.x版本上的网络配置操作在7.x上行不通了。 

下面介绍一下在CentOS7.x上进行网络配置的方法。

 

环境准备:新安装的CentOS7.x,最小化安装,没有进行网络配置。

1、查看当前网卡信息

 

 

 

 

[wangdeqiang@localhost ~]$ nmcli connection show 名称 UUID 类型 设备 enp0s3 ae1646b6-4867-4aa8-ac04-a45551f0e4ea 802-3-ethernet enp0s3 virbr0 967c8dc2-0a07-46a1-a3bb-b07a5c6ab662 bridge

 

CentOS7中对网上的命名规则有所变更,具体规则如下:

 

eno1 :代表由主板 BIOS 內建的网卡 ens1 :代表由主板 BIOS 內建的 PCI-E 界面的网卡 enp2s0 :代表 PCI-E 界面的独立网卡,可能有多个网卡接口,因此会有 s0, s1... 的编号 eth0 :如果上述的名称都不适用,就回到原本的预设网卡编号

由于现在网卡没有启用,也没有建立相关的配置文件,因此在DEVICE 栏位里显示的是”—”。在配置完成,重启网络服务后就会显示相应的设备名,在我的虚拟机上显示的是“enp0s3”

 

2、使用nmcli命令手工配置网卡  需要配置的网络信息:

 

IP地址:172.20.31.221/24 网关:172.20.31.240 DNS:202.96.69.38

命令:

 

 

[wangdeqiang@localhost ~]$ nmcli connection modify enp0s3 \ > connection.autoconnect yes \ > ipv4.method manual \ > ipv4.address 172.20.31.221/24 \ > ipv4.gateway 172.20.31.240 \ > ipv4.dns 202.96.64.68

 

autoconnect 是设置开机自动连接  ipv4.method 是设置手工配置IPV4地址

重启网络服务

 

systemctl restart network

3、查看配置后的网卡配置信息

 

 

 

 

[wangdeqiang@localhost ~]$ nmcli connection show enp0s3 connection.id: enp0s3 connection.uuid: ae1646b6-4867-4aa8-ac04-a45551f0e4ea connection.stable-id: -- connection.interface-name: enp0s3 connection.type: 802-3-ethernet connection.autoconnect: yes connection.autoconnect-priority: 0 connection.autoconnect-retries: -1 (默认) connection.timestamp: 1516626418 connection.read-only: no connection.permissions: -- connection.zone: -- connection.master: -- connection.slave-type: -- connection.autoconnect-slaves: -1 (默认) connection.secondaries: -- connection.gateway-ping-timeout: 0 connection.metered: 未知 connection.lldp: -1 (default) 802-3-ethernet.port: -- 802-3-ethernet.speed: 0 802-3-ethernet.duplex: -- 802-3-ethernet.auto-negotiate: no 802-3-ethernet.mac-address: -- 802-3-ethernet.cloned-mac-address: -- 802-3-ethernet.generate-mac-address-mask:-- 802-3-ethernet.mac-address-blacklist: -- 802-3-ethernet.mtu: 自动 802-3-ethernet.s390-subchannels: -- 802-3-ethernet.s390-nettype: -- 802-3-ethernet.s390-options: -- 802-3-ethernet.wake-on-lan: 1 (default) 802-3-ethernet.wake-on-lan-password: -- ipv4.method: manual ipv4.dns: 202.96.64.68 ipv4.dns-search: -- ipv4.dns-options: (默认) ipv4.dns-priority: 0 ipv4.addresses: 172.20.31.221/24 ipv4.gateway: 172.20.31.240 ipv4.routes: -- ipv4.route-metric: -1 ipv4.ignore-auto-routes: no ipv4.ignore-auto-dns: no ipv4.dhcp-client-id: -- ipv4.dhcp-timeout: 0 ipv4.dhcp-send-hostname: yes ipv4.dhcp-hostname: -- ipv4.dhcp-fqdn: -- ipv4.never-default: no ipv4.may-fail: yes ipv4.dad-timeout: -1 (默认) ipv6.method: auto ipv6.dns: -- ipv6.dns-search: -- ipv6.dns-options: (默认) ipv6.dns-priority: 0 ipv6.addresses: -- ipv6.gateway: -- ipv6.routes: -- ipv6.route-metric: -1 ipv6.ignore-auto-routes: no ipv6.ignore-auto-dns: no ipv6.never-default: no ipv6.may-fail: yes ipv6.ip6-privacy: -1 (未知) ipv6.addr-gen-mode: stable-privacy ipv6.dhcp-send-hostname: yes ipv6.dhcp-hostname: -- ipv6.token: -- proxy.method: none proxy.browser-only: no proxy.pac-url: -- proxy.pac-script: -- GENERAL.名称: enp0s3 GENERAL.UUID: ae1646b6-4867-4aa8-ac04-a45551f0e4ea GENERAL.设备: enp0s3 GENERAL.状态: 已激活 GENERAL.默认: 是 GENERAL.默认6: 否 GENERAL.VPN 参数: 否 GENERAL.区: -- GENERAL.DBUS路径: /org/freedesktop/NetworkManager/ActiveConnection/4 GENERAL.连接路径: /org/freedesktop/NetworkManager/Settings/1 GENERAL.指定对象: -- GENERAL.主路径: -- IP4.地址[1]: 172.20.31.221/24 IP4.网关: 172.20.31.240 IP4.DNS[1]: 202.96.64.68 IP6.地址[1]: fe80::6c87:9541:45b7:f8d8/64 IP6.网关:

 

 

 

因为在CentOS7.x中取消了ifconfig命令, 我们使用ip addr来代替。

 

[wangdeqiang@localhost ~]$ ip addr 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN qlen 1 link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet6 ::1/128 scope host valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 2: enp0s3: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000 link/ether 08:00:27:dc:63:24 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff inet 172.20.31.221/24 brd 172.20.31.255 scope global enp0s3 valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet6 fe80::6c87:9541:45b7:f8d8/64 scope link valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 3: virbr0: <NO-CARRIER,BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state DOWN qlen 1000 link/ether 52:54:00:75:ff:72 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff inet 192.168.122.1/24 brd 192.168.122.255 scope global virbr0 valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 4: virbr0-nic: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast master virbr0 state DOWN qlen 1000 link/ether 52:54:00:75:ff:72 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff [wangdeqiang@localhost ~]$

 

 

 

 

 

4、设置双IP

 

[wangdeqiang@localhost ~]$ cd /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ [wangdeqiang@localhost network-scripts]$ sudo cp ifcfg-enp0s3 ifcfg-enp0s3:1 [sudo] wangdeqiang 的密码: [wangdeqiang@localhost network-scripts]$ vi ifcfg-enp0s3:1

 

 

 

将下列二项内容进行修改:

 

TYPE=Ethernet PROXY_METHOD=none BROWSER_ONLY=no BOOTPROTO=none DEFROUTE=yes IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=no IPV6INIT=yes IPV6_AUTOCONF=yes IPV6_DEFROUTE=yes IPV6_FAILURE_FATAL=no IPV6_ADDR_GEN_MODE=stable-privacy NAME=enp0s3 UUID=ae1646b6-4867-4aa8-ac04-a45551f0e4ea DEVICE=enp0s3 ONBOOT=yes IPADDR=172.20.31.221 PREFIX=24 GATEWAY=172.20.31.240 DNS1=202.96.64.68

 

 

 

保存退出后,生词网络服务,然后查看配置信息

 

CentOS7怎么保存退出vi编辑

---------------------------------------------------

 

 

保存命令

按ESC键 跳到命令模式,然后:

 

:w 保存文件但不退出vi :w file 将修改另外保存到file中,不退出vi :w! 强制保存,不推出vi :wq 保存文件并退出vi :wq! 强制保存文件,并退出vi q: 不保存文件,退出vi :q! 不保存文件,强制退出vi :e! 放弃所有修改,从上次保存文件开始再编辑

 

 

 

 

 

 

保存退出后,生词网络服务,然后查看配置信息

 

[wangdeqiang@localhost network-scripts]$ nmcli connection show enp0s3 connection.id: enp0s3 connection.uuid: ae1646b6-4867-4aa8-ac04-a45551f0e4ea connection.stable-id: -- connection.interface-name: enp0s3 connection.type: 802-3-ethernet connection.autoconnect: yes connection.autoconnect-priority: 0 connection.autoconnect-retries: -1 (默认) connection.timestamp: 1516628218 connection.read-only: no connection.permissions: -- connection.zone: -- connection.master: -- connection.slave-type: -- connection.autoconnect-slaves: -1 (默认) connection.secondaries: -- connection.gateway-ping-timeout: 0 connection.metered: 未知 connection.lldp: -1 (default) 802-3-ethernet.port: -- 802-3-ethernet.speed: 0 802-3-ethernet.duplex: -- 802-3-ethernet.auto-negotiate: no 802-3-ethernet.mac-address: -- 802-3-ethernet.cloned-mac-address: -- 802-3-ethernet.generate-mac-address-mask:-- 802-3-ethernet.mac-address-blacklist: -- 802-3-ethernet.mtu: 自动 802-3-ethernet.s390-subchannels: -- 802-3-ethernet.s390-nettype: -- 802-3-ethernet.s390-options: -- 802-3-ethernet.wake-on-lan: 1 (default) 802-3-ethernet.wake-on-lan-password: -- ipv4.method: manual ipv4.dns: 202.96.64.68 ipv4.dns-search: -- ipv4.dns-options: (默认) ipv4.dns-priority: 0 ipv4.addresses: 172.20.31.221/24 ipv4.gateway: 172.20.31.240 ipv4.routes: -- ipv4.route-metric: -1 ipv4.ignore-auto-routes: no ipv4.ignore-auto-dns: no ipv4.dhcp-client-id: -- ipv4.dhcp-timeout: 0 ipv4.dhcp-send-hostname: yes ipv4.dhcp-hostname: -- ipv4.dhcp-fqdn: -- ipv4.never-default: no ipv4.may-fail: yes ipv4.dad-timeout: -1 (默认) ipv6.method: auto ipv6.dns: -- ipv6.dns-search: -- ipv6.dns-options: (默认) ipv6.dns-priority: 0 ipv6.addresses: -- ipv6.gateway: -- ipv6.routes: -- ipv6.route-metric: -1 ipv6.ignore-auto-routes: no ipv6.ignore-auto-dns: no ipv6.never-default: no ipv6.may-fail: yes ipv6.ip6-privacy: -1 (未知) ipv6.addr-gen-mode: stable-privacy ipv6.dhcp-send-hostname: yes ipv6.dhcp-hostname: -- ipv6.token: -- proxy.method: none proxy.browser-only: no proxy.pac-url: -- proxy.pac-script: -- GENERAL.名称: enp0s3 GENERAL.UUID: ae1646b6-4867-4aa8-ac04-a45551f0e4ea GENERAL.设备: enp0s3 GENERAL.状态: 已激活 GENERAL.默认: 是 GENERAL.默认6: 否 GENERAL.VPN 参数: 否 GENERAL.区: -- GENERAL.DBUS路径: /org/freedesktop/NetworkManager/ActiveConnection/4 GENERAL.连接路径: /org/freedesktop/NetworkManager/Settings/1 GENERAL.指定对象: -- GENERAL.主路径: -- IP4.地址[1]: 172.20.31.221/24 IP4.网关: 172.20.31.240 IP4.DNS[1]: 202.96.64.68 IP6.地址[1]: fe80::6c87:9541:45b7:f8d8/64 IP6.网关: --

 

 

查看全部网络设备信息

 

[wangdeqiang@localhost network-scripts]$ ip addr 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN qlen 1 link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet6 ::1/128 scope host valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever   2: enp0s3: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000 link/ether 08:00:27:ef:69:36 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff inet 172.20.31.221/24 brd 172.20.31.255 scope global enp0s3 valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet 172.20.31.222/24 brd 172.20.31.255 scope global secondary enp0s3:1 valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:feef:6936/64 scope link valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

 

 

 

 

 

  3: virbr0: <NO-CARRIER,BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state DOWN qlen 1000 link/ether 52:54:00:75:ff:72 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff inet 192.168.122.1/24 brd 192.168.122.255 scope global virbr0 valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 4: virbr0-nic: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast master virbr0 state DOWN qlen 1000 link/ether 52:54:00:75:ff:72 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff [wangdeqiang@localhost network-scripts]$

在enp0s3中会出现二个”inet”,包含配置过的二个IP的信息。

 

 

 

5、配置hostname  使用hostnamectl来配置主机的hostname

 

[wangdeqiang@localhost network-scripts]$ hostnamectl set-hostname www.cmzsteven.com [wangdeqiang@localhost network-scripts]$ cat /etc/hostname www.cmzsteven.com

 

 

 

 

 

6、自动获取IP地址  如果局域网里有DHCP服务器,那么可以使用自动获取来取得主机的IP等相关信息

[wangdeqiang@localhost network-scripts]$ nmcli connection modify enp0s3 \ > connection.autoconnect yes \ > ipv4.method auto

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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