OpenGL学习笔记(十一)摄像机

xiaoxiao2021-02-28  9

主程序如下 着色器代码与上一章相同 

#include <glad/glad.h> #include <GLFW/glfw3.h> #include <stb_image.h> #include <glm/glm.hpp> #include <glm/gtc/matrix_transform.hpp> #include <glm/gtc/type_ptr.hpp> #include <filesystem.h> #include <shader.h> #include <iostream> void framebuffer_size_callback(GLFWwindow* window, int width, int height); void mouse_callback(GLFWwindow* window, double xpos, double ypos); void scroll_callback(GLFWwindow* window, double xoffset, double yoffset); void processInput(GLFWwindow *window); // settings const unsigned int SCR_WIDTH = 800; const unsigned int SCR_HEIGHT = 600; // camera glm::vec3 cameraPos = glm::vec3(0.0f, 0.0f, 3.0f); glm::vec3 cameraFront = glm::vec3(0.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f); glm::vec3 cameraUp = glm::vec3(0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f); bool firstMouse = true; float yaw = -90.0f; // yaw is initialized to -90.0 degrees since a yaw of 0.0 results in a direction vector pointing to the right so we initially rotate a bit to the left. float pitch = 0.0f; float lastX = 800.0f / 2.0; float lastY = 600.0 / 2.0; float fov = 45.0f; // timing float deltaTime = 0.0f; // time between current frame and last frame float lastFrame = 0.0f; int main() { // glfw: initialize and configure // ------------------------------ glfwInit(); glfwWindowHint(GLFW_CONTEXT_VERSION_MAJOR, 3); glfwWindowHint(GLFW_CONTEXT_VERSION_MINOR, 3); glfwWindowHint(GLFW_OPENGL_PROFILE, GLFW_OPENGL_CORE_PROFILE); // glfw window creation // -------------------- GLFWwindow* window = glfwCreateWindow(SCR_WIDTH, SCR_HEIGHT, "LearnOpenGL", NULL, NULL); if (window == NULL) { std::cout << "Failed to create GLFW window" << std::endl; glfwTerminate(); return -1; } glfwMakeContextCurrent(window); glfwSetFramebufferSizeCallback(window, framebuffer_size_callback); glfwSetCursorPosCallback(window, mouse_callback); glfwSetScrollCallback(window, scroll_callback); // tell GLFW to capture our mouse glfwSetInputMode(window, GLFW_CURSOR, GLFW_CURSOR_DISABLED); // glad: load all OpenGL function pointers // --------------------------------------- if (!gladLoadGLLoader((GLADloadproc)glfwGetProcAddress)) { std::cout << "Failed to initialize GLAD" << std::endl; return -1; } // configure global opengl state // ----------------------------- glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST); // build and compile our shader zprogram // ------------------------------------ Shader ourShader("../OpenGL/GLSL.vs", "../OpenGL/GLSL.fs"); // set up vertex data (and buffer(s)) and configure vertex attributes // ------------------------------------------------------------------ float vertices[] = { -0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f, 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f, 1.0f, 1.0f, 0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f, 1.0f, 1.0f, -0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f, 0.0f, 1.0f, -0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f, 0.0f, 0.0f, -0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f, 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 1.0f, 1.0f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 1.0f, 1.0f, -0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 0.0f, 1.0f, -0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f, 0.0f, 0.0f, -0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 1.0f, 0.0f, -0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f, 1.0f, 1.0f, -0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f, 0.0f, 1.0f, -0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f, 0.0f, 1.0f, -0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f, 0.0f, 0.0f, -0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f, 1.0f, 1.0f, 0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f, 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f, 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 1.0f, 0.0f, -0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f, 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f, 1.0f, 1.0f, 0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f, 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f, 1.0f, 0.0f, -0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f, 0.0f, 0.0f, -0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f, 0.0f, 1.0f, -0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f, 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f, 1.0f, 1.0f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 1.0f, 0.0f, -0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 0.0f, 0.0f, -0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f, 0.0f, 1.0f }; // world space positions of our cubes glm::vec3 cubePositions[] = { glm::vec3( 0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f), glm::vec3( 2.0f, 5.0f, -15.0f), glm::vec3(-1.5f, -2.2f, -2.5f), glm::vec3(-3.8f, -2.0f, -12.3f), glm::vec3( 2.4f, -0.4f, -3.5f), glm::vec3(-1.7f, 3.0f, -7.5f), glm::vec3( 1.3f, -2.0f, -2.5f), glm::vec3( 1.5f, 2.0f, -2.5f), glm::vec3( 1.5f, 0.2f, -1.5f), glm::vec3(-1.3f, 1.0f, -1.5f) }; unsigned int VBO, VAO; glGenVertexArrays(1, &VAO); glGenBuffers(1, &VBO); glBindVertexArray(VAO); glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, VBO); glBufferData(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, sizeof(vertices), vertices, GL_STATIC_DRAW); // position attribute glVertexAttribPointer(0, 3, GL_FLOAT, GL_FALSE, 5 * sizeof(float), (void*)0); glEnableVertexAttribArray(0); // texture coord attribute glVertexAttribPointer(1, 2, GL_FLOAT, GL_FALSE, 5 * sizeof(float), (void*)(3 * sizeof(float))); glEnableVertexAttribArray(1); // load and create a texture // ------------------------- unsigned int texture1, texture2; // texture 1 // --------- glGenTextures(1, &texture1); glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture1); // set the texture wrapping parameters glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_S, GL_REPEAT); glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_T, GL_REPEAT); // set texture filtering parameters glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL_LINEAR); glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL_LINEAR); // load image, create texture and generate mipmaps int width, height, nrChannels; stbi_set_flip_vertically_on_load(true); // tell stb_image.h to flip loaded texture's on the y-axis. unsigned char *data = stbi_load("../resources/textures/container.jpg", &width, &height, &nrChannels, 0); if (data) { glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL_RGB, width, height, 0, GL_RGB, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, data); glGenerateMipmap(GL_TEXTURE_2D); } else { std::cout << "Failed to load texture1" << std::endl; } stbi_image_free(data); // texture 2 // --------- glGenTextures(1, &texture2); glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture2); // set the texture wrapping parameters glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_S, GL_REPEAT); glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_T, GL_REPEAT); // set texture filtering parameters glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL_LINEAR); glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL_LINEAR); // load image, create texture and generate mipmaps data = stbi_load("../resources/textures/smile.png", &width, &height, &nrChannels, 0); if (data) { // note that the awesomeface.png has transparency and thus an alpha channel, so make sure to tell OpenGL the data type is of GL_RGBA glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL_RGB, width, height, 0, GL_RGBA, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, data); glGenerateMipmap(GL_TEXTURE_2D); } else { std::cout << "Failed to load texture2" << std::endl; } stbi_image_free(data); // tell opengl for each sampler to which texture unit it belongs to (only has to be done once) // ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ourShader.use(); ourShader.setInt("texture1", 0); ourShader.setInt("texture2", 1); // render loop // ----------- while (!glfwWindowShouldClose(window)) { // per-frame time logic // -------------------- float currentFrame = glfwGetTime(); deltaTime = currentFrame - lastFrame; lastFrame = currentFrame; // input // ----- processInput(window); // render // ------ glClearColor(0.2f, 0.3f, 0.3f, 1.0f); glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT); // bind textures on corresponding texture units glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE0); glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture1); glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE1); glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture2); // activate shader ourShader.use(); // pass projection matrix to shader (note that in this case it could change every frame) glm::mat4 projection = glm::mat4(1.0f); projection = glm::perspective(glm::radians(fov), (float)SCR_WIDTH / (float)SCR_HEIGHT, 0.1f, 100.0f); ourShader.setMat4("projection", projection); // camera/view transformation glm::mat4 view = glm::mat4(1.0f); view = glm::lookAt(cameraPos, cameraPos + cameraFront, cameraUp); ourShader.setMat4("view", view); // render boxes glBindVertexArray(VAO); for (unsigned int i = 0; i < 10; i++) { // calculate the model matrix for each object and pass it to shader before drawing glm::mat4 model = glm::mat4(1.0f); model = glm::translate(model, cubePositions[i]); float angle = 20.0f * i; model = glm::rotate(model, glm::radians(angle), glm::vec3(1.0f, 0.3f, 0.5f)); ourShader.setMat4("model", model); glDrawArrays(GL_TRIANGLES, 0, 36); } // glfw: swap buffers and poll IO events (keys pressed/released, mouse moved etc.) // ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- glfwSwapBuffers(window); glfwPollEvents(); } // optional: de-allocate all resources once they've outlived their purpose: // ------------------------------------------------------------------------ glDeleteVertexArrays(1, &VAO); glDeleteBuffers(1, &VBO); // glfw: terminate, clearing all previously allocated GLFW resources. // ------------------------------------------------------------------ glfwTerminate(); return 0; } // process all input: query GLFW whether relevant keys are pressed/released this frame and react accordingly // --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- void processInput(GLFWwindow *window) { if (glfwGetKey(window, GLFW_KEY_ESCAPE) == GLFW_PRESS) glfwSetWindowShouldClose(window, true); float cameraSpeed = 2.5 * deltaTime; if (glfwGetKey(window, GLFW_KEY_W) == GLFW_PRESS) cameraPos += cameraSpeed * cameraFront; if (glfwGetKey(window, GLFW_KEY_S) == GLFW_PRESS) cameraPos -= cameraSpeed * cameraFront; if (glfwGetKey(window, GLFW_KEY_A) == GLFW_PRESS) cameraPos -= glm::normalize(glm::cross(cameraFront, cameraUp)) * cameraSpeed; if (glfwGetKey(window, GLFW_KEY_D) == GLFW_PRESS) cameraPos += glm::normalize(glm::cross(cameraFront, cameraUp)) * cameraSpeed; } // glfw: whenever the window size changed (by OS or user resize) this callback function executes // --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- void framebuffer_size_callback(GLFWwindow* window, int width, int height) { // make sure the viewport matches the new window dimensions; note that width and // height will be significantly larger than specified on retina displays. glViewport(0, 0, width, height); } // glfw: whenever the mouse moves, this callback is called // ------------------------------------------------------- void mouse_callback(GLFWwindow* window, double xpos, double ypos) { if (firstMouse) { lastX = xpos; lastY = ypos; firstMouse = false; } float xoffset = xpos - lastX; float yoffset = lastY - ypos; // reversed since y-coordinates go from bottom to top lastX = xpos; lastY = ypos; float sensitivity = 0.1f; // change this value to your liking xoffset *= sensitivity; yoffset *= sensitivity; yaw += xoffset; pitch += yoffset; // make sure that when pitch is out of bounds, screen doesn't get flipped if (pitch > 89.0f) pitch = 89.0f; if (pitch < -89.0f) pitch = -89.0f; glm::vec3 front; front.x = cos(glm::radians(yaw)) * cos(glm::radians(pitch)); front.y = sin(glm::radians(pitch)); front.z = sin(glm::radians(yaw)) * cos(glm::radians(pitch)); cameraFront = glm::normalize(front); } // glfw: whenever the mouse scroll wheel scrolls, this callback is called // ---------------------------------------------------------------------- void scroll_callback(GLFWwindow* window, double xoffset, double yoffset) { if (fov >= 1.0f && fov <= 45.0f) fov -= yoffset; if (fov <= 1.0f) fov = 1.0f; if (fov >= 45.0f) fov = 45.0f; }
转载请注明原文地址: https://www.6miu.com/read-2350239.html

最新回复(0)