页面类pageobject的封装 测试类的实现

xiaoxiao2021-02-28  34

直接上代码 class WakaLoginPage(BasePage): ''' 此类为页面类,通过每个页面封装成类来进行元素的定位器和流程写函数和变量 在实际工作中根据不同的业务逻辑进行参考变换,不要一成不变的使用POM思想 ''' # 定位器,定位页面的元素内容 username_locator = ('id', 'username') # 输入账号框 password_locator = ('id', 'password') # 输入密码框 submit_locator = ('id', 'div_login_btn') # 登录按钮框 registration_locator = ('css selector', '#lose_password > span:nth-child(2)') # 用户注册框 Forget_locator = ('css selector', '#a_to_register > span:nth-child(2)') # 忘记密码框 locator_text = ('link text', '退出') def Login(self, username, password): ''' 登录流程 :param username: :param password: :return: ''' self.send_keys(self.username_locator, username) self.send_keys(self.password_locator, password) self.click(self.submit_locator) 我们可以看到,WakaLoginPage这个页面类继承了BasePage类 在这个类总有两个主要的东西  一个是定位器 一个事业务逻辑功能 以下是测试代码 waka_login.py: 需要注意的是我们在实例化页面类的时候需要把BrowserEngine中返回的driver传入 因为页面类继承了basepage,而basepage中初始化函数便是driver,只有保证driver的统一才能掉用方法 import unittest from Framework.browser_engine import BrowserEngine from pageobjects.waka_loginpage import WakaLoginPage class WkLogin(unittest.TestCase): def setUp(self): self.browser = BrowserEngine(self) self.driver = self.browser.open_browser(self) self.login = WakaLoginPage(self.driver) def tearDown(self): self.browser.quit_browser(self.driver) def login_case(self, username, password): self.login.Login(username, password) result = self.login.is_text_in_element(self.login.locator_text, '退出') self.assertEqual(result, True) def test_login01(self): # 输入正确的账号密码 self.login_case('13968141450', '1111111') def test_login_02(self): # 输入错误的账号密码 self.login_case('111111', '111111') if __name__ == '__main__': unittest.main() 以下是跑完的断言和日志信息 C:\Users\Administrator\AppData\Local\Programs\Python\Python36\python.exe "D:\PyCharm 5.0.4\helpers\pycharm\utrunner.py" D:\AutomationFramework\test_suit\waka_login.py::WkLogin true Testing started at 17:44 ... 2018-01-19 17:44:38,423 - BrowserEngine - INFO - you select browser is Firefox 2018-01-19 17:44:38,423 - BrowserEngine - INFO - you select URL is https://www.waka6.com 2018-01-19 17:44:38,424 - BrowserEngine - INFO - Starting firefox browser 2018-01-19 17:44:46,745 - BrowserEngine - INFO - open url is https://www.waka6.com 2018-01-19 17:44:50,263 - BrowserEngine - INFO - maximize the current windows. 2018-01-19 17:44:50,267 - BrowserEngine - INFO - oppen https://www.waka6.com title success 2018-01-19 17:44:50,282 - BaseP - INFO - Positioning to the idusername element. 2018-01-19 17:44:50,335 - BaseP - INFO - SendKeys 13968141450 in ('id', 'username') success. 2018-01-19 17:44:50,343 - BaseP - INFO - Positioning to the idpassword element. 2018-01-19 17:44:50,390 - BaseP - INFO - SendKeys 1111111 in ('id', 'password') success. 2018-01-19 17:44:50,395 - BaseP - INFO - Positioning to the iddiv_login_btn element. 2018-01-19 17:44:51,276 - BaseP - INFO - click success iddiv_login_btn element. 2018-01-19 17:44:51,300 - BrowserEngine - INFO - Now , Close the browser 2018-01-19 17:44:52,166 - BrowserEngine - INFO - you select browser is Firefox 2018-01-19 17:44:52,167 - BrowserEngine - INFO - you select URL is https://www.waka6.com 2018-01-19 17:44:52,167 - BrowserEngine - INFO - Starting firefox browser 2018-01-19 17:45:00,541 - BrowserEngine - INFO - open url is https://www.waka6.com 2018-01-19 17:45:04,051 - BrowserEngine - INFO - maximize the current windows. 2018-01-19 17:45:04,061 - BrowserEngine - INFO - oppen https://www.waka6.com title success 2018-01-19 17:45:04,078 - BaseP - INFO - Positioning to the idusername element. 2018-01-19 17:45:04,146 - BaseP - INFO - SendKeys 111111 in ('id', 'username') success. 2018-01-19 17:45:04,153 - BaseP - INFO - Positioning to the idpassword element. 2018-01-19 17:45:04,203 - BaseP - INFO - SendKeys 111111 in ('id', 'password') success. 2018-01-19 17:45:04,210 - BaseP - INFO - Positioning to the iddiv_login_btn element. 2018-01-19 17:45:05,163 - BaseP - INFO - click success iddiv_login_btn element. 2018-01-19 17:45:15,328 - BaseP - INFO - No location to the element 2018-01-19 17:45:15,329 - BrowserEngine - INFO - Now , Close the browser Failure Traceback (most recent call last):   File "D:\AutomationFramework\test_suit\waka_login.py", line 28, in test_login_02     self.login_case('111111', '111111')   File "D:\AutomationFramework\test_suit\waka_login.py", line 18, in login_case     self.assertEqual(result, True) AssertionError: False != True 到这里我们做到了 基本的配置文件类                                   浏览器引擎类                             日志模块类                             公共函数二次封装类                             简述页面基本类继承公共函数二次封装类                             页面基本类的内容                             如何在testsuit中调用页面基本类完成测试用例        在接下来的学习中我们要解决问题 1.如何实现一次性跑多条测试用例 2.如何在拥有输入框的情况下参数化 3.如何解决在不关闭浏览器的情况下验证多条用例 4.如何在失败用例的时候结合截图装饰器 5.如何添加测试报告,优化测试报告 6.如何进行邮件发送的功能 7.如何运用集成环境完美的监控功能自动化脚本 在接下来我们从用例细节上考虑,对于一些特定的情况基本操作,对于一些特定的元素定位方法 细节的东西还需要我们以后多多实战慢慢基类。我希望能从大到小的思路和讲解能给大家思路。有帮助点个赞谢谢。
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