<easy>LeetCode Problem -- 448. Find All Numbers Disappeared in an Array

xiaoxiao2021-02-28  6

描述:Given an array of integers where 1 ≤ a[i] ≤ n (n = size of array), some elements appear twice and others appear once.

Find all the elements of [1, n] inclusive that do not appear in this array.

Could you do it without extra space and in O(n) runtime? You may assume the returned list does not count as extra space.

Example:

Input: [4,3,2,7,8,2,3,1] Output: [5,6]

分析:要求找到数组元素为1-n长度为n的数组中为出现的元素。思路一:采用标记法,存在数字的位置的值置为负数,如果最后值为正数则代表这个数没有出现过。 class Solution { public: vector<int> findDisappearedNumbers(vector<int>& nums) { vector<int> res; for (int i = 0; i < nums.size(); i++) { nums[abs(nums[i]) - 1] = -abs(nums[abs(nums[i]) - 1]); } for (int i = 0; i < nums.size(); i++) { if (nums[i] > 0) res.push_back(i + 1); } return res; } };
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