# 排序练习

xiaoxiao2021-02-28  4

4 1 3 4 2 123

4 1 2 3 123

## 提示：

测试输入包含若干测试用例。每个测试用例的第1行包含两个整数 N (N<=100000) 和 C，其中 N 是纪录的条数，C 是指定排序的列号。以下有N行，每行包含一条学生纪录。每条学生纪录由学号（6位数字，同组测试中没有重复的学号）、姓名（不超过8位且不包含空格的字符串）、成绩（闭区间[0, 100]内的整数）组成，每个项目间用1个空格隔开。当读到 N=0 时，全部输入结束，相应的结果不要输出。

poj2299 求逆序对（利用归并排序）

Description

In this problem, you have to analyze a particular sorting algorithm. The algorithm processes a sequence of n distinct integers by swapping two adjacent sequence elements until the sequence is sorted in ascending order. For the input sequence  9 1 0 5 4 , Ultra-QuickSort produces the output  0 1 4 5 9 . Your task is to determine how many swap operations Ultra-QuickSort needs to perform in order to sort a given input sequence.

Input

The input contains several test cases. Every test case begins with a line that contains a single integer n < 500,000 -- the length of the input sequence. Each of the the following n lines contains a single integer 0 ≤ a[i] ≤ 999,999,999, the i-th input sequence element. Input is terminated by a sequence of length n = 0. This sequence must not be processed.

Output

For every input sequence, your program prints a single line containing an integer number op, the minimum number of swap operations necessary to sort the given input sequence.

Sample Input

5 9 1 0 5 4 3 1 2 3 0

Sample Output

6 0 注意两点，由于题目中所给的数据量达到了500000，所以不能用冒泡来求交换（n*n一定超时），可以用归并排序来求